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Panpa Bulletin : November 2010
PresentedBy Making the world a brighter place Total Ink Solutions Formore information,contact us on Tel +61 2 9752 1200 - W www.dic.com .au - E firstname.lastname@example.org .au Award night photographs Pages2&3 Celebrationscontinue at the office Pages4,5,24&31 Newspaperofthe Yearwinners Pages18&19 Making the world a brighter place Total Ink Solutions For more information, contact us on Tel +61 2 9752 1200 - W www.dic.com.au - E email@example.com PRINTPOSTAPPROVED:239556/00015 Journalism students Raphael Brasil and Carly Goldstone from the University of Technology, Sydney on assignment at Bondi Beach Publication of the Newspaper Publishers’ Association New s pape r Publi s he rs ’ A ss ociation A$995 NZ $12 November 2010 CONTINUED PAGE 3 Freedom threat Fraud office tramples over press rights. NiCk EvERShEd reports NEW ZEALAND newspaper editors were threatened with jail time and fines by government if they did not hand over documents and recordings of inter- views by journalists. The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) told staff of the National Business Review that refusal to co-operate could result in one-year jail sentences, NZ$15,000 fines, plus another NZ$40,000 for the business. The swoop on the newspaper threatens to un- dermine existing media protection laws and the freedom of the press in New Zealand. CONTINUED PAGE 3 PRESS FREEdOM SPECiAL EdiTiON NAkEd TRUTh New campaign for SPh Mags PAGE 3 Journalists in West Papua PAGE 6 16|NOVEMBER 2010 | ThePANPA Bulletin The PANPA Bulletin | NOVEMBER 2010 | 17 EDITORSandinvestigativereporters are split ontheethics ofvid- eo-stingjournalismthathas emergedinBritain, snaring cricket match-fixers,FIFAsoccer officials andtheDuchess ofYorkfortak- ing orseekingbribes andillicitpayments. JournalistsfromTheSundayTimesandNewsoftheWorldhave capturedglobalattentionforgoingundercover,takingsecretvid- eos thathaveexposedcorruptioninpubliclife. Videosgoontheinternet beforetheheadlines arewritten, gainingmassiveTVexposureand creatingangstinthecorridors of powerbecause ofmisdeeds andblatantbribery. Butisit ethicaljournalism? Locally,journalists aretoldthat ethicallytheyshouldidentify themselves andtheirorganisation – unlessthepublicgoodisbe- ingserved. Thejournaliststhemselvesarefarfromunanimousonwhether thisrenewedfadofstingjournalism – nowgivengreaterimpact becauseoftheviralpowers ofYouTube–isacceptable. “Iamnotahard-nosed,entrenchedopponenttothesesortsof techniques,” says GoldWalkley winnerHedleyThomas, national chiefcorrespondentforTheAustralian. “WehavechosentowalkdowntheethicalpathinAustraliaand thatiswhytheremightberesistancetothosetypesofmethods, butitisprobablytimelytohaveapublicdebate.” Thosefamiliar withDrDeathwillknowMrThomas’work. HeexposedthepracticesofDrJayantPatel,asurgeonwhowas convictedofkilling and maimingpatients. MrThomassayshefavours“responsiblyadoptingsomeofthe methodstheNewsoftheWorldhavebeenusing”. “Theyhavethepotentialtobreaksignificant stories.But with thesemethods(undercover reporting andrecording),it’s similar toweaponsofmassdestruction,youhavetobeextremelycareful whoyougivethemto.” Thelegalstrictures(privacylaws andsurveillancedeviceslaws), andtheinternalethicspolicies ofeachpublisherdictatehowjour- nalistsandeditorsshouldgoaboutgettingastory. Thecultureofjournalism andtheperceived expectationofthe reader –inAustralia,NewZealand andespeciallySingapore–may hinderedthewillingnessofeditorstocommissionavideo-sting. “Itistotallydifferentifthereis atraditionofusingthesesortsof methods,” saysGarryLinnell,editorofSydney’s DailyTelegraph. “Thered-top,FleetStreetculturehasatraditionofit. “TheNewsoftheWorldstingsaremuchmorereadilyacceptedin theUK.Wehaveneverhadthatculturehere. “Eventhoughlots ofpeoplethinkwe(theDailyTelegraph)area racytabloid,wearereallyamiddle-groundtabloid. “Forustounleashateamofundercoversecretvideojournalists wouldbeaprettysignificantstep. “Wearethinkingaboutit.Wearetrainingreporterstoshoot andeditvideoontheiPhone4,but wearestillbabesinthe woods whenitcomestovideo.” MrLinnellsayssuchmethodsshouldnotbeused“onJoeCitizen outinthesuburbs”butsuggestsitmightbeacceptableasaform of investigationintothose withpublic orhigh-profilepositions whoareaccustomedtodealingwiththemedia. “Iwouldn’twantsomeone’sfirstmeetingwithajournalistto leavethem withabadtasteintheir mouth. “ButIwould lovetobeableto doit.The biggestthingyouhave to keep in mind is privacyandwhether or not it is in the public interest.” OneofNewZealand’stopinvestigativereporter,DominionPost ’ s PhilKitchin,believestheuse ofundercover recordingdevices is le- gitimatewhenpolicefail. “Insomeofmy mainstories,thepoliceappearednottobedoing anythingwhen theydefinitelyshouldhavebeen. “Sometimes it was essentialto embarrass thepoliceintodoing something , ”hesaid. Mr Kitchin ’ s most famous story is thecaseof LouiseNicholas,a NewZealand woman who alleged that several policemen gang rapedherbut thenbelievedthecourt neverheardthefullstory . Policewereinvolvedinacoverup,and soMrKitchinfeltit wasimportanttousehid- denelectronicdevicestotrytorevealthetruth. Herecalls:“WewiredLouiseNicholasbeforeaconversa- tionwithDetectiveInspectorJohnDewar,whowasin chargeof thepoliceinvestigation. “Headmittedhebelievedtherecouldneverhavebeenconsen- sualsexwiththeuseofa(police)batonagainstawoman.That conversationwasusedasevidence,andhewenttojail.” InMrKitchin’s investigations,hesayshehas alwaysidentified himselfasareporterbuthasusedwiresandhiddenvideocam- eras. Hesaysthereis aplacefor suchtactics onlyifthereis significant public interest ...“particularly incases when thereis alreadyes- tablishedevidencethattherewasacrime involved ”. “I wouldneverargueforitif itwasjusta waytocatch out some celebrity , ”hesays. Walkleywinner andauthor Adam Shand, who investigatedthe gangland murders in Melbourne,sees undercover reporting as a journalisticshort-cut. Hehashadbadexperi- enceswithusingacamerahid- deninabag. “ThetimesthatIdidusean undercover cameraIgotcaught,Iwouldgetasked‘whydoyou keeppointingthatbagatme’?” MrShand believes mostofthe Newsof theWorldstories could havebeenachieved“withoutthelying ”. “The News of the World reporter, who has to keep his identity secret(Mazher Mahmood),could never,say,pickup aWalkleyfor his work,”says Mr Shand. InthelatestcaseinwhichjournalistsofTheSundayTimesclaimed to represent USsoccer interests,thereis nowdisquiet about what that might mean for relationships betweenEnglish andAmerican socceradministrators. Although firmlyagainst the use of undercover techniques, Mr Shandadmitted theymakefor great stories.“ButI wouldnot put mynameon it ”, hesaid.“It is notsomething Iwant to be associ- atedwith.Ittarnishesyourbrand ”. “Good old journalistic techniques of building trust with your sources,sifting through paperwork and long hours of continued effort”can stillresultin greatstories. BrettMcCarthy,editor oftheWestAustralian,agrees. “Idon’t seewhattheNewsoftheWorldhas doneas investigative journalism”hesays. “Thestufftheydoinvolves lying,dupingortrickingpeopleinto certain situations. “What Isee as investigativejournalism is siftingthrough con- tracts,diggingdeepintoissues andusingyour contactstothebest ofyourabilityrather thantojust picka targetandlieto get them somewhere. “It’swrong.Iwouldn’t authoriseit.” Althoughdifferences inprivacyandtelecommunicationslaws differ in various jurisdictions,the DailyTelegraph ’ s GarryLinnell saysthe benefitsofundercoverjournalism arestilltempting. “The ability to get that ‘ gee-wiz’reaction from readers . . . exclusivestories which unfold over aperiod of days . .. stories which havehugeramifications . . .that’s what we arelooking for,isn’tit?” confidential ‘I still prefer the classical journalist techniques: follow the money, build trust with your sources, sifting through paper work with long hours of continued effort’ AD AM SHAND Freelance ‘I don’t see what the News of the World has done as investigative journalism. The stuff they do involves lying, duping or tricking people into certain situations’ BRETT MCCARTHY Editor, West Australian confidential ‘For us to unleash a team of undercover secret video journalists would be a pretty significant step. We are thinking about it’ GARRYLINNELL Editor, Daily Telegraph confidential ‘They ha ve the po tential to break significa nt s tories. But with these m ethods ( undercov er r eporting and reco rding), it ’s simil ar to we apons of ma ss destr uction, you have to be extre mely car eful who you give them to’ HEDLEY THOMAS The Australian confidential Mr Mahmood,alsoknown as the Fake Sheike, is a serial undercover reporterfortheNewsoftheWorld. Allegedly bringing 234 criminals to justice, the red top has gone to extreme lengths to keep his identity under wraps. His first job as a journalist, aged 18, involved exposing family friends who sold piratevideos MAZHER MA HMOOD News of the World confidential ‘We wired Louise Nicholas before a conversation with Detective Inspector John Dewar. He admitted he believed there could never have been consensual sex with the use of a (police) baton against a woman. That conversation was used as evidence, and he went to jail’ PHIL KITCHIN Domin ion Post confidential4 RebeccaLeaver NPA Good or bad for business? PAGES 16 & 17 NEWSPAPER OF ThE yEAR AWARdS 32 PAGE LiFTOUT digital dux Training ramps up for new generation of online journalism - PAGE 30 PAGE 30 confidentialconfidential Good or bad for business? vidEO STiNGS Journalists in West Papua COvERiNG CONFLiCT 8 PAGES