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Panpa Bulletin : February 2007
PANPA Bulletin February 2007 DIGITAL 24 One in three journalists currently in jail for their work is an internet re- porter, according to the NewYork- based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ). The Committee’s 2006 Worldwide Census found 134 journalists serving time in prisons around the world on December 1. According to the CPJ, print reporters, editors and photographers continued to make up the largest professional category of jailed journalists, with 67 cases in 2006, but internet journalists now constitute the second largest segment with 49 cases. “The number of imprisoned journalists whose work appeared primarily on the web, via email or in another electronic form has increased each year since CPJ recorded the frst jailed internet writer in its 1997 census,” the report said. The Committee’s list of jailed internet jour- nalists (internet bloggers, online editors and web-based reporters) includes China’s “citi- zen” reporters, independent Cuban writers while fle reports for overseas web ites and US video blogger Joshua Wolf. According to CPJ executive director Joel Simon, the bulk of internet journalists in jail shows that "authoritarian states are becoming more determined to control the internet. “It wasn’t so long ago that people were talking about the internet as a new medium that could never be controlled,” he said. “(But now) We’re at a crucial juncture in the fght for press freedom because authori- tarian states have made the internet a ma- jor front in their effort to control information. “China is challenging the notion that the internet is impossible to control or censor, and if it succeeds there will be far-ranging implications, not only for the medium but for press freedom all over the world.” He said “anti-state”allegations such as subversion, divulging state secrets, and act- ing against the interests of the state are the most common charges used to imprison journalists. Eighty-four journalists are jailed under these charges, many by the Chinese, Cuban, and Ethiopian governments. CPJ also found an increasing number of journalists held without any charge or trial at all. “Twenty imprisoned journalists, or 15 percent, have been denied even the most basic elements of due process,” the report said. “In Cuba and in China, journalists are often jailed after summary trials and held in miserable conditions far from their families. “But the cruelty and injustice of imprisonment is compounded where there is zero due process and journalists slip into oblivion. “In Eritrea, the worst abuser in this regard, there is no check on authority and it is unclear whether some jailed journalists are even alive.” US recruiters choose online ad space The internet has offcially overtaken newspapers as the number one choice for recruitment advertisers in the US. According to Borrell Associates’ 2006 Online Recruitment Advertising report, recruiters spent more advertising dollars on online media than any other medium – $5.9 billion online compared with $5.4 billion in newspapers. “Recruitment has become the frst major advertising category to slip from the iron grasp of traditional media and become ‘majority controlled’ by on- line,” the report said. “When the history of internet ad- vertising is written, recruitment sites will undoubtedly dominate the frst chapter. “In 12 years, these sites have grown from a few big job boards to hundreds of niche competitors. Online recruitment now accounts for 25 percent of internet advertising revenue.” Borrell Associates expects recruit- ment advertising online to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 10.3 percent over the next fve years, ap- proaching $10 billion by 2011. “There may be far more growth in store than anyone is anticipating,” the report said. “Of the 24.4 million Ameri- cans who were planning to look for a job in 2006, only 34 percent planned to use the Internet in their search. That means two thirds of the job seekers are not using the Internet … yet. “Job boards are quickly moving downstream – away from their execu- tive-level and managerial roots and toward what could be a more mas- sive pot of gold: helping local small- and medium-sized businesses use the Internet to locate hourly and part-time clerks, cashiers, forklift operators, res- taurant workers, drywall installers, and administrative assistants.” Online journalists increase jail numbers Sinead Boucher is Fairfax Media’s frst group online editor, responsible for the group’s digital editorial operations in New Zealand. Boucher will be based in Wellington. The newly created position gives Bouch- er editorial oversight of Stuff.co.nz, respon- sibility for increasing the interactivity of the group’s news sites with blogs and user-gen- erated content and, with the editors, will be responsible for building an integrated, cross platform approach to news. Fairfax Media’s group head of digital, Nic Cola says the group’s newsrooms have already been transformed to make stories available across both print and online platforms, keeping readers up to date with news as it happens. As an example Cola says, “During the All Blacks Northern Hemisphere tour last year, Fairfax reporters fled newspaper stories plus updates around the clock for Stuff.co.nz with audio analysis and exclusive video match highlights extending the coverage.” Boucher is the former assistant editor of Fairfax Media’s Christchurch daily newspa- per, The Press, where she is credited with being instrumental in success of www.press. co.nz over the last three years. She also has extensive experience in online operations overseas, including with The Financial Times website, FT.com, and at Reuters’ online news desk and London bureau. Fairfax appoints rst NZ group online editor
November December 2006