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Panpa Bulletin : August 2006
august 2006 PANPA bULLETIN | 47 PRESSING MATTERS When talking about newspaper printing we talk about single width and double width presses, CTP plate making an ink/water bal- ance and the recently updated newspaper printing standard IOS 12647-3. All these technical terms are used in our communication as if all newspapers were printed with the same printing process and that is lithographic offset coldset -- no drying of inks -- on a typical multi-web newspaper off- set rotary press. Surely the vast majority of newspapers are printed with off- set coldset lithographic presses, but if you take a closer look you will see that there is a wider range of choice. Flexography In Bologna the recent Ifra Italia 2006 conference discussed for the first time in an open public en- vironment the pros and cons of flexo-newspaper printing versus offset newspaper printing. The audience listened to case study presentations from the United Kingdom and from Italy. The background for this discussion was the fact that in Italy -- different to all other European countries -- about 30 per cent of the overall newspaper circulation is printed in flexo, which is a pretty strong number. In the last three years the Italian newspaper industry in- vested in new presses all over the country in order to become full colour as they called the common project. The aim was to extend colour capacity in a way that all newspapers could print colour on all pages. This project came to a conclu- sion in the meanwhile. During this period not only many new offset presses were installed but also quite a number of new flexo newspaper presses, all from the Italian press manufacturer Cer- ruti. The second largest Italian newspaper La Repubblica print on flexo presses only in every printing plant they utilise across the country. Another remarkable flexo print- er is Associated Newspapers in London, UK. They print the Daily Mail and Metro on their KBA flexo presses in London, which have been upgraded during the last two years for more colour. In addition Associated Newspapers plans a new remote site that should also use the flexo technology, in this case it will come from Cerruti. Hybrid heatset/coldset print- ingWolfgang Fellner is a well- known magazine publisher in Austria who -- together with his brother -- brought a lot of new ide- as and new concepts to the Aus- trian publishing market. Now he has new plans for a country-wide newspaper, or better daily maga- zine, that is supposed to start on September 18 this year. The specialty of this new news- paper that will bare the title Öster- reich (Austria) will be that it will be a hybrid product printed on newly installed special presses that combine the heatset and the coldset process. Parts of this newspaper will be printed in heatset quality, other parts will be in traditional coldset quality. This will offer interesting new market- ing opportunities for ad sales. As well the new product will prob- ably define a new market that is between the daily newspaper and a lifestyle magazine. We will see later this year what will happen. Waterless offset School wisdom tells us that off- set printing needs ink and water. But the new Cortina press from KBA does not need water at all. The press was first demonstrated at drupa 2000. It was first installed at a real and very typical daily German newspaper in Freibug, Germany. This was the kind of installation newspaper printers wanted to see: How does the wa- terless technology work in a typi- cal newspaper production envi- ronment? It's been in operation a couple of months now and prints 180 000 copies every night includ- ing more than 20 local editions that require a lot of changeover work, which is supported by the automatic plate change technol- ogy of the press. In the meantime waterless newspaper printing technology was sold to the Netherlands, Bel- gium, Germany and Switzerland. It is no exotic exception anymore in Europe. As can be seen from these ex- amples of non-traditional news- paper printing there is more than just one printing process that can do the job of newspaper printing. Yes, there are pros and cons for each technology of choice, but all should be considered if you are making a decision for your print- ing future. Manfred Werfel, is Ifra research director and deputy Ceo Printing technology enters 21st century For the frst time ever a waterless Cortina was installed at a newspaper print plant of a typical regional German daily in Freiburg there is more to printing today than lithographic, offset and coldest says Manfred Werfel and they are now being incorporated into businesses worldwide